Posts Tagged ‘Physiotherapy’

Physiotherapy for Arthritic Pets

There have been great advances in the medical management of arthritis in pets but only recently has the veterinary world embraced the multitude of theories and complimentary therapies widely used within the medical world. One of the most proven methods of maintaining mobility in arthritic joints is physiotherapy (otherwise known as physical therapy) and the more advanced the mobility problems are, the more important this complimentary therapy becomes. In this article I hope to introduce you to the concepts and terminology of physiotherapy so that you can approach your veterinarian and see whether it may benefit your pet.

Warming up before exercise

We all know we should warm up before exercise and this applies for pets too, especially if they have stiffened joints due to arthritis. Warming up literally means warming up the muscles. This reduces the stiffness in the ligaments, tendons and muscles and also greatly increases blood supply and oxygen to the limbs. A method used in physiotherapy is to use warm compresses to emulate this warming up proces in particularly stiff joints. Simply take a warm hand towel and place it in a plastic bag (please ensure that it is not too hot) and apply it to the stiff joints. This is especially useful first thing in the morning when your pet awakes as this is the time tha joints will be at their stiffest. Once the joints are warmed up they can then be flexed and extended passively to increase the lossening of stiff muscles and connective tissues. Do this for 5 minutes before exercise and when your pet starts the day to help soothe and prepare their stiff joints for exercise. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - June 23, 2017 at 4:28 pm

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Physiotherapy and Stretching

The limitations in flexibility which people exhibit are of interest to a large group of professions from medicine to physiotherapy, osteopathy and chiropractic. Yoga and other eastern traditions have employed stretching techniques called asanas for thousands of years although this was not their primary purpose. The eastern martial arts, such as karate, judo and taekwondo, also emphasise flexibility in the performance of these comprehensive martial ways of living. Flexibility is not precisely defined but in anatomical terms it mostly refers to the ability of joints to go through a particular range of motion.

Ballistic versus Static Stretching

Stretching, when you get down to details, has a lot of controversial and uncertain matters which are unresolved. The pros and cons of static and ballistic stretching is one discussion point. Static stretching is overwhelmingly more common but most activities and sports have a large dynamic component so ballistic stretching may reflect more accurately the actual physical challenges. Ballistic stretching can be more interesting and reduce the boredom associated with static regimes. Read more…

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Physiotherapy – Pain Syndromes

The gleno-humeral joint, known in lay terms as the shoulder, is a vital part of the links in the upper limb and responsible for our ability to place our hands where we can see them to perform activities. Because flexibility is a prime requirement the shoulder is a less stable joint with moderate muscle power and a large range of motion. It is described as a “soft tissue joint”, implying that the joint’s functional ability is dependent on its soft and not its hard components. Physiotherapists are closely involved in treating and rehabilitating the shoulder, dealing with the muscles, ligaments and tendons.

The shoulder joint is constructed from the socket of the scapula and the humeral head, the ball at the top of the upper arm bone. The head of the upper arm is a large ball and important tendons insert onto it to move and stabilise the shoulder, but the shoulder socket, the glenoid, is small in comparison and very shallow. A cartilage rim, the labrum of the glenoid, deepens the socket and adds to stability. The acromio-clavicular joint lies above the shoulder joint proper and provides dynamic stability during arm movements, being made up from part of the scapula and the outer end of the clavicle. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - June 22, 2017 at 4:32 pm

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Physiotherapy and Back Exercises

The cost of low back pain to society is very great, with high financial costs in terms of lost income, lost production and time off work and the costs of medical and physiotherapy and other treatments. This is apart from the personal consequences of the loss of one’s work or job role, loss of the ability to do normal activities and the pain itself. Many back pain treatments have been developed, most of which do not have high levels of effectiveness, and much is down to self management. An exercise programme has been shown to be an important aspect of this and this includes stability work, gym or aerobic exercise and lumbar and pelvic ranges of movement.

Joint ranges of movement are not obvious to most of us but are vital to our ability to perform day to day activities. The shoulder is an important example of a highly functional joint which allows us to place our hands in front of our vision so we can perform precise actions. To do this it has a very large range of movement, allowing us to put our arms behind the back, behind the neck and right above the head. A joint can change due to illness or injury with various effects from loss of joint movement, looseness of the ligaments or damage to the joint surfaces themselves. Read more…

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Ankle Sprain Physiotherapy Treatment

Sprained ankles are very common and repeated sprains can lead to a swollen, painful ankle, problems walking on rough ground and the risk of re-injury. The physiotherapist begins with asking: How did the injury occur? Was there a high level of force involved? What happened afterwards – could the patient walk or did they go to hospital? Was there an x-ray?

The amount of pain the patient suffered after the injury is extremely important and if the level of pain is very high or if it doesn’t settle, there might be a fracture. Pain should settle with time and if not the physio will refer the patient back to the orthopaedic doctor. The areas of pain should match the mechanism of injury, indicate which structures might be injured and should be tested by the physiotherapist later. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - June 21, 2017 at 4:29 pm

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Shoulder Rotator Cuff Disease – Physiotherapy

The rotator cuff is a musculotendinous cuff which surrounds the humeral head and through which the shoulder stabilising and movement muscles exert their forces onto the shoulder. The cuff enables us to put our shoulder through a very large range of motion, the greatest range of any joint in the body, for the purpose of putting our hands in functional positions. The shoulder\’s function is to allow our hands to be put in useful positions within our visual field so we can perform the intricate activities that define being human to a degree.

As the muscles approach their insertions on the humeral head they become more and more fibrous until they become wholly tendinous. Many bodily tendons are cylindrical and long but the shoulder tendons are flatter structures which coalesce over the top of the humeral head. The rotator cuff has a relatively poor blood supply and little or no ability to heal and with time and physical stresses tears appear which are often painful but not always so. Rotator cuff tears are a major part of a shoulder surgeon\’s work and rotator cuff surgery is common, complex and demands detailed physiotherapy follow up for successful outcomes. Read more…

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Treating Lumbar Spinal Pain by Physiotherapy

Low back pain is very common and most people have some experience of a back pain episode at some time of life. Attendances at physiotherapy clinics for low back pain are very high so physios have a variety of assessment and treatment techniques to manage spinal pain and improve patients’ function.

A serious medical condition such as cancer or infection is a very uncommon cause of back pain, but several medical problems can present this way and physiotherapists need to be aware of this so they can refer the patient on to the appropriate doctor. The physio will ask about past medical history (cancer, arthritis, diabetes, epilepsy), any loss of weight or appetite, bladder and bowel control, feeling unwell, sleep disturbance and worse pain when lying down to sleep. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - June 20, 2017 at 4:35 pm

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Physiotherapy – Joint Position Sense

The human sensory system is designed to give us the information we need to manage the challenges of the world. We take in vast amounts of information every minute of the day, much of it not relevant, the brain deciding what is important and what is not. We are familiar with vision, hearing and touch and consciously and unconsciously use the incoming information to guide our actions and responses in daily life. However, there are two more sensory input systems, related to the others, which are vital to normal functioning. These are the sensory feedback we get from our bodies and the joint position sense.

Profound loss of sensory input is more common than we think as it happens every time we get a numb, dead feeling arm when we wake up. When I woke up with my arm completely numb I moved if off my chest grumpily twice until I began to understand, by feeling the arm gradually from the elbow up, that it was my own arm I was trying to get rid of. The loss of sensibility was so great that as far as I was concerned the arm did not exist and therefore must have belonged to someone else. Without our sensory input we are limited in our abilities. Read more…

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The Basic Facts On Physiotherapy

If you have a musculo-skeletal problem or injury, you might be given a referral to a physiotherapy clinic.  If you have gone to one before, you know what to expect.  If you are new to this service, you might ask, what is physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy is also known as physical therapy.  That answers the question of what is physiotherapy for many people.  However, if you have not had any dealings with this form of treatment, you need to know more.   Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - June 19, 2017 at 4:28 pm

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Physiotherapy Advice For Tennis Players

Tennis is enjoyed by people of all ages and with more and more indoor courts springing up around the country it’s no longer confined to the summer months. Whether you play tennis competitively or just for fun and exercise, there are a few important things to follow to keep you in good health and free from injury. Physiotherapy has long been associated with physical movement and well-being and it can educate you in these matters. Here are a few things to consider.
First up, if you are new to the game it’s worth a visit to the GP before you pick up a racquet. Any existing conditions or physical problems should be assessed by a medical doctor to ensure your body is going to be able to cope with a higher level of activity. If you already have an injury, visit a physiotherapist to help get you back into a good physical state and then ask them for advice about exercises that can help you prepare for tennis. Read more…

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