Archive for February, 2017

Rotator Cuff Anatomy

There are a number of different rotator cuff injuries that you can suffer, running from tendonitis to a full rotator cuff tear but the one thing that they have in common is that exercise will feature somewhere in the recovery programme. But what are the best shoulder exercises for a rotator cuff injury and when should you start exercising again.

The important thing to remember with a rotator cuff injury is that if you exercise too soon or at the wrong time you will almost invariably make it worse, so always err on the side of caution; if in doubt don’t exercise. To understand why I say this you first need to understand the different injuries and problems that can beset your rotator cuff. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 28, 2017 at 4:27 pm

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What Is Physiotherapy and Is It Something You Should Consider for Your Pain?

Whether due to trauma or repetitive motion, which over time can cause injury, the result is the same: pain and limited range of physical movement in that region of your body. The method you use for treatment is the focus of this article. We are human beings who dislike any deterioration in our health and most of us will look for the easiest and quickest means of relieving the discomfort.

Against our better judgment, rather than seek the advice of a doctor, we open a bottle of something – generally speaking something that is available over the counter, in hopes of feeling normal and pain-free. While this is not the worst thing you can do, after all, many over the counter drugs contain an anti-inflammatory, which will assist in reducing the throbbing and swelling, depending upon the severity, you may need something more to encourage healthy tissue and/or muscle. If you are noticing that things are not improving, it is time to see what sort of rehabilitation physiotherapists can offer you. The last thing you want is something that is relatively simple to treat with physiotherapy becoming such a nuisance that you find yourself in constant pain or in need of surgery. Read more…

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Hamstring Muscle Injuries: Prevention and Care

The hamstring muscles are a group of three muscles located on the back of the thigh. The names of the three muscles are: Semitendinosis, Semimembrinosis, and Biceps Femoris. Most often hamstring injuries will occur in athletes, but they can occur as well in individuals who don’t engage in athletic activities. Sports that require running in any form will have more injuries of this nature than other types of sports.

The majority of the injuries are of excessive stretching of these muscles beyond their normal range of motion (ROM), due to moving the muscle too fast. This type of injury causes strains or sprains resulting in micro tears. The tears can affect a few to several fibers. These tears, if not excessive can go undetected at the time of the injury. If the tear is more extensive, with the tearing only of more than a few muscle fibers, there will be pain. Should the tear be even more severe, it may indicate a ruptured muscle. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 27, 2017 at 4:28 pm

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Tennis Elbow Aircast Attributes

The tennis elbow aircast is an innovative way of relieving elbow pains. This kind of strap or armband comes in two conventional colors, the black and the beige. The elbow aircast strap/brace/armband is also known as Pneumatic Armband.

An elbow aircast can help relieve tennis elbow pains to refrain from sudden suspension of your physical activities. This painful condition is a common injury resulting from a degenerative process as a result of aging or repetitive use. It is not just an inflammation of tendons and muscles that greatly affect the outer part of the elbow. Its common name, tendon elbow, was adopted from the famous sports’ name “tennis” since most tennis players are the once who tend to get it. Read more…

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How To Set Tennis Elbow Swelling Apart From Other Injuries

Tennis elbow swelling is a thwarting problem that can make your elbow hard to control. There could be various reasons why you are experiencing elbow swelling and inflammation. It could either be a simple accident or a serious injury. If the swelling elbow pain makes you suffer for quite some time now, you need help to figure out exactly what are the causes and the exact condition of your injury. First, you should figure out the precise location of the swelling. Is the swelling or pain dominant on the inside part of your elbow or on the outside part? Please observe if the area is red in color and tender when touched.

Also, try to take note if you’re experiencing pain during mild actions such as twisting a doorknob and the like. If you are experiencing elbow pain swelling on the back of your elbow, you might be suffering from bursitis. If the swelling is on the inside part of your elbow, you might be suffering from golfer’s elbow. The third cause of your elbow swelling may be a tennis elbow. Though it rarely occurs, elbow swelling can be a result of this injury, scientifically known as lateral epicondylitis. Tennis elbow is an inflammation of several structures of the elbow which includes the muscles, the tendons, as well as the epicondyle. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 26, 2017 at 4:27 pm

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Joint Examination and Physiotherapy

Our ability to participate in functional activities is greatly dependent on the state of our body joints, from the knees and hips which bear weight and allow walking to the jaw joints which aid speaking and eating. Our joints are exceptionally well designed to allow us to move about and accomplish tasks and mostly they do their jobs quietly and very well. Illness, injury or disease can damage the joints, causing pain and stiffness and limiting functional activity. Physiotherapy examination of the joints is a core skill, demanding a logical approach, the finding of pathological signs and the formation of a treatment plan.

Joints, the junctions between two bones, can have weight carrying, force transmission or movement properties depending on their design and position in the body. An example of a movement joint is the shoulder with its great range, the acromio-clavicular joint is a force transmission joint allowing arm function and the back and hips are weight bearing joints with some movement function. The most obvious of our joints are all synovial joints, a particular and very important joint type. The bone ends are coated with articular cartilage which reduces friction, the joint fluid is secreted by the synovial joint lining membrane and the joint capsule, formed by the ligaments, holds the joint protected against mechanical forces.

Physiotherapy examination of a joint starts with observating how the person uses the joint as they move into the consultation room and sit down. They may hold the joint protectively in a low-risk position, move carefully and guardedly to avoid stressing the joint or splint the joint in some way. The physio takes a history then looks at the joint, noting any deformity, warmth, swelling or effusion, all signs of inflammation. A cool, non-swollen joint in a good position may still have a problem but it is not acute and will need to be searched for. A hot joint with tight swelling will need immediate treatment with the acute injury protocols.

After the visual examination the physiotherapist will palpate the joint and surrounding structures, which means exploring or stressing an area logically with the fingers or hand, an important physio skill to clarify the diagnosis. The physio will palpate around the joint margins, the joint line itself, the tendon insertions and the ligaments surrounding the joint. Effusion, which means the presence of synovial fluid in a joint, can be felt by the resistance it gives if it is tight, by its thickness and plasticity if it is sticky and by the way it can be moved around the joint if it watery.

Once the joint has been assessed visually, which takes a very short time, the physiotherapist will move on to palpation of the joint structures which will help identify which parts of the joint are affected. Palpation involves systematically feeling and stressing structures in an anatomical area to pin down faulty structures more closely. Palpation of the joint involves testing the joint line, the insertions of the tendons and ligaments, along the ligaments themselves and around the joint margins. Fluid in the joint is called an effusion and can be thick and sticky, very tight and firm if there is a lot, or movable if the fluid is thin

The physiotherapist will assess the active range of the joint movement which is what the patient can manage independently, noting the ranges as a proportion of normal and why the joint could not achieve full range, e.g. pain or muscle weakness. The physio will then move the patients joint passively without the patients effort to see if the joint ranges are different. If the physio can move the joint through its full normal range but the patient cannot do this, then either pain or muscle weakness is the likely cause. If neither the physio nor the patient can get the joint to full range, pain or joint stiffness may be the problem.

Ligaments are very important for normal function of a joint and the physiotherapist will routinely test their integrity, stressing them strongly by manual testing. The ligaments of major joints are very strong and testing a normal ligament should show no effect but it can uncover an absent, painful or stretched ligament by its effect on joint stability. Physios use the Oxford 0-5 scale to grade muscle strength, allowing for anxiety or pain which might interfere with a patients effort. Proprioception and joint sensibility may also be tested to ascertain if good feedback from the joint to the brain is present, this being important in normal movement planning.

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Parkinson’s Disease And Yoga

Parkinson’s disease was first described as a shaking palsy and unfortunately the medical field has not been able to find a cure for this disease which affects many senior Americans over the age of 50. There are also thousands and thousands of people who have symptoms that go unreported each year. One of the keys to treatment is early diagnosis.

Parkinson’s disease is usually diagnosed by a patient’s performance on neurological tests and other symptoms. Sometimes it is misdiagnosed because the patient may show symptoms which are caused by certain drugs that are used for people who have schizophrenia or other psychiatric problems. Many people throughout the world use a combination of exercise and treatment measures which will help reduce the effects of Parkinson’s and can lead to many patients having full, active and enjoyable lives despite living with Parkinson’s. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 25, 2017 at 4:27 pm

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It’s Your First Physiotherapy Visit – What Should You Expect?

Have you ever had treatment from a physiotherapist? If you have, then you know what to expect. But, if you haven’t, keep reading, this article will help clear up the process of using the services of a physiotherapist.

The idea of when and how to use a physiotherapist can be confusing. Many people (and you may be one of them) are often unsure (and even hesitant) about what to expect on their first physiotherapy visit.

The type of physiotherapy you receive really depends upon your injury diagnosis, age of your injury, intensity of the pain, and your (and therapist’s) preferred treatment procedure.

Do You Need To Seek Advice From A Doctor To Visit A Physiotherapist?

Read more…

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Posture Braces – Then and Now

Not all people are blessed with perfect postures. For some it requires concentration and a proper dedicated regime to have perfect spinal balance. This is where posture braces come in. They have been in use for a couple of centuries from early Victorian days when young ladies used to wear them underneath their gowns to keep a good posture. During those days proper etiquette and upbringing was reflected on how a lady carried herself. Today, braces are not only used to have a proper body physique but also to keep the body healthy.

Posture braces these days have come a long way – from those early Victorian sturdy harnesses and corsets that females used to wear beneath their garments, to modern easy to wear and breathable contraptions that both males and females use equally. For dancers it is imperative to have a good body posture and flow which makes it mandatory for them to use braces to keep their spine and shoulders fit. Similarly, braces are also used in many military schools where the soldiers have to have a straight and stiff stance, which is a part of their overall training and has to be followed throughout their careers. Read more…

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Physiotherapy And Cardiac Surgery

One may feel fatigued and sore after cardiac surgery; it is only natural.  On the other hand, it seems altogether strange to think of embarking on a course of physiotherapy afterwards instead of just resting.  Yet, that is just what is recommended.

Types of cardiac surgery include bypass surgeries, angioplasty, stents, heart valve replacements, and even heart transplants.  Patients having all of these surgeries can benefit from physiotherapy.  Patients who have other cardiac problems can use the help too; they include victims of heart attacks, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, chest pain, and cardiomyopathy.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - February 24, 2017 at 4:29 pm

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